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Proteomics. 2004 Mar;4(3):720-7.

Construction of a two-dimensional gel electrophoresis protein database for the Nicotiana tabacum cv. Bright Yellow-2 cell suspension culture.

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Laboratorium voor Planten-biochemie en -fysiologie, Department of Biology, University of Antwerp, Belgium.


Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS), we have started the proteome analysis of the cell line Nicotiana tabacum cv. Bright Yellow-2 (tobacco BY-2). The BY-2 cell suspension culture is widely used as a model system to study the growth and development of plant cells. We present a protocol describing the sample preparation and 2-DE, enabling us to separate and display more than 1000 proteins from this cell culture. A reference gel was generated, using immobilized pH gradient isoelectric focusing in a linear gradient from pH 3 to 10 and 12% Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Although the tobacco genome is not sequenced yet, a range of protein spots from this reference map was identified by means of a semi-automated liquid chromatography-ESI-quadrupole time of flight-tandem MS (LC-ESI-QTOF-MS-MS) setup and cross-species matching. These data were integrated in a database, which can be accessed at On the on-line reference map, the identified protein spots are hyperlinked to individual protein entries. Each protein entry contains all identification information, as well as links to relevant entries in other on-line databases. Comprehensive search functions are implemented. Especially for an unsequenced but widespread model organism like tobacco BY-2, such a reference database is a convenient source for protein information that brings protein identification within reach without the need for extensive MS. This publicly accessible database provides a solid basis for tobacco BY-2 proteomics in the future.

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