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Int J Cardiol. 2004 Mar;94(1):47-51.

Improved glycemic control induces regression of left ventricular mass in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

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1
Noninvasive Cardiology Laboratory, Cardiovascular Division, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Baker-3, 1 Deaconess Road, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Diabetes mellitus has been associated with abnormalities of cardiac function and left ventricular hypertrophy. We sought to determine whether improved glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus will induce reversal of those abnormalities.

METHODS:

We prospectively studied 19 patients (mean age 40+/-9 years) with longstanding type 1 diabetes mellitus (28+/-4 years), who participated in a program of stringent glycemic control. Glycemic control was monitored with hemoglobin A1c levels, and improvement was defined as >1% (absolute) decrease of hemoglobin A1c. Two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiograms and ambulatory 24-h blood pressures were obtained at baseline and after 1 year. Left ventricular mass was determined using the area-length method.

RESULTS:

In the patients with improved glycemic control (n=12), hemoglobin A1c decreased from 9.8% to 7.8% (p< or =0.0001), interventricular septal thickness decreased from 10.3 to 9.4 mm (p< or =0.05), and left ventricular mass regressed from 205 to 182 g (p< or =0.05). Septal thickness and left ventricular mass remained unchanged in the patients who did not achieve improvement of glycemic control. Left ventricular internal diameters, posterior wall thickness, fractional shortening, E/A ratio of mitral inflow, E-wave deceleration time (DT), and ambulatory 24-h blood pressures did not change significantly after 1 year in either group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Improved glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus is associated with regression of septal thickness and left ventricular mass without significant effect on systolic or diastolic function, in the absence of significant alterations in ambulatory 24-h blood pressures.

PMID:
14996474
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2003.04.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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