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Eur J Biochem. 1992 Aug 1;207(3):867-76.

Biogenesis of the yeast vacuole (lysosome). Proteinase yscB contributes molecularly and kinetically to vacuolar hydrolase-precursor maturation.

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Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Universität Basel, Switzerland.


The vacuolar proteinase yscB (PrB) has been implicated in the final maturation of procarboxypeptidase yscY (pro-CpY) to the mature wild-type form CpYb of 61 kDa. In PrB-deficient mutants, only the proteinase yscA processed form CpYa of 62 kDa is found [Mechler, B., Müller, H. & Wolf, D. H. (1987) EMBO J. 6, 2157-2163]. We report now that, akin to CpY, two forms of mature proteinase yscA (PrA) can be distinguished. In PrB-deficient mutant cells, PrAa, migrating at about 43 kDa in SDS/PAGE, is found, whereas PrAb, found in wild-type cells, had the known molecular mass of 42 kDa. In the PrB-deficient strain, pro-PrA and pro-CpY matured only to the higher-molecular-mass forms, PrAa and CpYa, and the maturation of both precursors was slower than in the isogenic wild-type strain. Pulse-labeling experiments indicated that the mature forms, PrAb or CpYb, are generated directly in the PrB-containing wild-type strain in vivo. In vitro experiments showed that PrB is able to trigger maturation of its 42-kDa pro-PrB precursor to mature PrB in the absence of PrA. Mature PrB and its proteolytic activity, however, shows a higher stability in the presence of mature PrA. The data indicate a molecular and kinetic participation of proteinase yscB in vacuolar hydrolase precursor maturation.

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