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Phys Rev Lett. 2004 Feb 13;92(6):063904. Epub 2004 Feb 12.

Anomalous propagation loss in photonic crystal waveguides.

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Ames Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA.


Propagation loss can occur in photonic crystal waveguides without complete optical confinement. We employ a highly efficient transfer-matrix method which allows for accurate and reliable extraction of the propagation loss even at an extremely low level. The results for a two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide shows that the loss exponentially decays via the waveguide wall thickness. An anomalous phenomenon is found where the loss for guided modes near the upper band gap edge can be several orders of magnitude smaller than that for modes in the middle of the band gap. This anomaly can be well explained by the localization degree of guided modes at different frequency domains.

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