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Zoolog Sci. 2004 Feb;21(2):147-52.

Karyotyping of female and male Hediste japonica (Polychaeta, Annelida) in comparison with those of two closely related species, H. diadroma and H. atoka.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Faculty of Science, Kagoshima University, Japan.


Karyotypes of females and males of the brackish-water polychaete Hediste japonica sensu stricto, collected from the Ariake Sea, Japan, were examined by using regenerating tails. We used the Giemsa staining method and a computer-assisted image-analyzing system for the identification of each chromosome pair. The somatic chromosome number was 2n=28. The presence of an XX-XY (male heterogametic) sex chromosome system was determined from well-spread metaphase plates of somatic cells. The type of sex chromosomes related with phenotype exactly. The metacentric Y chromosome was much larger than the submetacentric X chromosome. All autosomes were metacentric. The karyotype of this species was compared with those of the other two closely related species (H. diadroma and H. atoka). The karyotypes of all the three species were similar to one another.

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