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Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Mar;24(6):2487-98.

Cyclin F disruption compromises placental development and affects normal cell cycle execution.

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Department of Human and Molecular Genetics, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


Human cyclin F was originally isolated as a cDNA capable of suppressing the temperature sensitivity of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae cdc4-1 mutant. Its tightly regulated expression and high conservation in the evolutionary progression from amphibians to mammals suggest that it coordinates the timing of a critical cell cycle event. The fact that it contains an F box and can form an SCF (Skp1-Cul1/Cdc53-F-box) complex in vivo further suggests that it may also function in proteolysis. To investigate the role of cyclin F in vivo, we generated mice deficient for cyclin F and conditionally deficient mice as well as mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) conditionally deficient for cyclin F. Heterozygous animals are normal and fertile, but CycF(-/-) animals, with a myriad of developmental anomalies due in large part to failures in yolk sac and chorioallantoic placentation, die around embryonic day 10.5. Tissue-specific deletion of cyclin F revealed that it was not required for the development and function of a number of different embryonic and adult tissues. In contrast, MEFs lacking cyclin F, while viable, do exhibit cell cycle defects, including reduced population-doubling time and a delay in cell cycle reentry from quiescence, indicating that cyclin F plays a role in cell cycle regulation.

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