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Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Mar;24(6):2444-54.

Elongation inhibition by DRB sensitivity-inducing factor is regulated by the A20 promoter via a novel negative element and NF-kappaB.

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Department of Biological Chemistry, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel.


A20 is an immediate-early NF-kappaB target gene. Prior to NF-kappaB stimulation, the A20 promoter is bound by the polymerase II machinery to allow rapid transcription activation. Here we show that the basal A20 transcription is repressed at the level of elongation in a promoter-specific fashion. Immunodepletion in vitro and RNA interference in cultured cells suggest that the basal elongation inhibition is conferred by DRB sensitivity-inducing factor (DSIF). We have identified a negative upstream promoter element called ELIE that controls DSIF activity. Remarkably, following NF-kappaB stimulation, inhibition of the A20 promoter by DSIF persists, but it is now regulated by NF-kappaB rather than ELIE. Similar regulation by DSIF is shown for another NF-kappaB-responsive gene, the IkappaBalpha gene. These findings reveal an intimate and dynamic relationship between DSIF inhibition of elongation and promoter-bound transcription factors. The potential significance of the differential regulation of DSIF activity by cis-acting elements is discussed.

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