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J Cell Biochem. 2004 Mar 1;91(4):766-76.

Internalization but not binding of thrombospondin-1 to low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 requires heparan sulfate proteoglycans.

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Department of Vascular Biology, Jerome H. Holland Laboratory, American Red Cross, Rockville, Maryland 20855, USA.


The amino-terminal domain of the extracellular matrix (ECM) protein thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) mediates binding to cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) as well as binding to the endocytic receptor, low density lipoprotein-related protein (LRP-1). We previously found that recombinant TSP-1 containing the amino-terminal residues 1-214, retained both of these interactions (Mikhailenko et al. [1997]: J Biol Chem 272:6784-6791). Here, we examined the activity of a recombinant protein containing amino-terminal residues 1-90 of TSP-1 and found that this domain did not retain high-affinity heparin-binding. The loss of heparin-binding correlated with decreased binding to the fibroblast cell surface. However, both ligand blotting and solid phase binding studies indicate that this truncated fragment of TSP-1 retained high-affinity binding to LRP-1. Consistent with this, it also retained the ability to block the uptake and degradation of (125)I-TSP-1. However, TSP-1(1-90) itself was poorly endocytosed and this truncated amino-terminal domain was considerably more effective than the full-length heparin-binding domain (HBD) of TSP-1 in blocking the catabolism of endogenously expressed TSP-1. These results indicate that TSP-1 binding to LRP-1 does not require prior or concomitant interaction with cell surface HSPG but suggest subsequent endocytosis requires high-affinity heparin-binding.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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