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Naturwissenschaften. 2004 Feb;91(2):94-6. Epub 2004 Jan 27.

Predatory behavior in a necrophagous bee Trigona hypogea (Hymenoptera; Apidae, Meliponini).

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Departamento de Biologia, Filosofia Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, 14040-901 Riberão Preto, SP, Brazil.


Although most bees feed on nectar and pollen, several exceptions have been reported. The strangest of all is the habit found in some neotropical stingless bees, which have completely replaced pollen-eating by eating animal protein from corpses. For more than 20 years, it was believed that carrion was the only protein source for these bees. We report that these bees feed not only off dead animals, but on the living brood of social wasps and possibly other similar sources. Using well developed prey location and foraging behaviors, necrophagous bees discover recently abandoned wasps' nests and, within a few hours, prey upon all immatures found there.

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