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Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2004 Jan;38(1):26-8.

[Anti-atherosclerotic effect of soybean isofalvones and soyasaponins in diabetic rats].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Internal Medicine, Yanbian University School of Medicine, Yanji 133000, China.



To study the influence of soybean phytochemical extract containing isoflavones and soyasaponins (SPE) on blood glucose, blood lipids, plasma lipid peroxide and platelet aggregation activity in diabetic rats.


Diabetic rats were fed with fodder containing 20 g/kg of SPE for 20 weeks. Their plasma very low density lipoprotein (VLDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL) were separated by sequential ultracentrifugation.


Twenty weeks after experiment, level of blood glucose, atherosclerotic index and plasma level of lipid peroxide were (11.9 +/- 0.9) mmol/L, 0.40 +/- 0.14 and (15.7 +/- 0.5) mmol/L, respectively in diabetic rats fed with SPE, significantly lower than those in control rats not fed with it, (14.2 +/- 2.0) mmol/L, 0.58 +/- 0.22 and (20.7 +/- 3.0) mmol/L, respectively. Accordingly, platelet aggregation rates induced by ADP and collagen in the two groups were (54.1 +/- 8.8)% vs (66.6 +/- 12.4)% and (58.0 +/- 7.9)% vs (69.6 +/- 9.4)%, respectively. Changes in all these indices were significantly different between the two groups.


SPE could significantly decrease blood glucose, improve atherosclerotic index, and inhibit lipid peroxidation and platelet aggregation in diabetic rats, which might be useful in prevention and control of diabetes mellitus and diabetes-associated atherosclerosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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