Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Heart Fail. 2004 Mar 15;6(3):261-8.

Brain and other natriuretic peptides: molecular aspects.

Author information

Cardiovascular Center, Onze Lieve Vrouwziekenhuis, Moorselbaan 164, 9400 Aalst, Belgium.


Natriuretic peptides have emerged as important candidates for development of diagnostic tools and therapeutic agents in cardiovascular disease. The family contains of three major peptides-ANP, BNP, CNP-that participate in cardiovascular and cardiorenal homeostasis. Each of these natriuretic peptides binds differentially to specific receptors that signal through different mechanisms. They are cleared enzymatically by neutral endopeptidase as well as by receptor-mediated endocytosis. Because of its fast induction and specific expression in overt heart failure, BNP seems the most promising natriuretic peptide. It is predominantly synthesized in the cardiac ventricles, released as pre-proBNP and then enzymatically cleaved to BNP and the N-terminal portion of BNP(NT-proBNP). Blood measurements of BNP and NT-proBNP have been shown to identify patients with LV dysfunction. This review focuses on the physiology of natriuretic peptides as a group and brain natriuretic peptide in more detail, its structure and regulation as well as its effects at the cellular level.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center