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Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2004 Feb 26;2:11.

Needs assessment for cancer patients and their families.

Author information

  • 1Center for Health Systems Research and Analysis, University of Wisconsin, 1107 WARF, 610 Walnut Street, Madison, WI53726, USA. kuangyi@chsra.wisc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The assessment of needs for cancer care is a critical step in providing high quality care and achieving cancer patients' and families' satisfaction. Instruments can be used to assess needs and guide cancer care planning. This study discusses the importance of the needs assessment, relationships between needs, satisfaction and quality of life; and reviews the assessment instruments of needs experienced by cancer patients and their families.

METHODS:

A systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE and CANCERLIT data bases. Instruments were evaluated based on their conceptual and measurement models as well as their demonstrated reliability and validity. The authors also sought information pertaining to instruments' burden of administration and responsiveness. Measures compromised by a lack of published psychometric description were not included.

RESULTS:

This search identified 17 patient needs assessment instruments and seven family needs assessment instruments. The development and psychometric proprieties of most of these instruments were well documented. However, data on their responsiveness and burden of administration were scarce.

CONCLUSIONS:

Each selected instrument meets some but not all of our criteria for validity, reliability, responsiveness and burden. It is questionable whether any instrument can be developed meeting all the requirements. However, there is still a need to continue researching and developing needs assessment instruments leading to effective intervention and improving quality of cancer care.

PMID:
14987334
PMCID:
PMC394345
DOI:
10.1186/1477-7525-2-11
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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