Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nord J Psychiatry. 2004;58(1):49-53.

Is the Beck Depression Inventory suitable for screening major depression in different phases of the disease?

Author information

Department of Psychiatry, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.


This prospective study aimed to assess the suitability of the 21-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-21) as a screening method for current episodes of major depressive disorder in different phases of the disease. In a sample of treatment-seeking outpatients (n=125), a structured interview method (SCID) was used twice with a 2-year interval to screen whether the patient had a current episode of major depressive disorder. The validity of the BDI-21 was also analysed by means of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. The results showed that with a cut-off point of 14/15 the BDI-21 can be used to indicate the presence of a major depressive episode regardless of the phase of the major depressive disorder. The sensitivity and specificity were quite satisfactory with this cut-off point. The areas under the ROC curves were large (0.81 at baseline and 0.93 at follow-up). The same BDI-21 cut-off point is suitable for screening major depression among outpatients in any phase of the disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons


    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Taylor & Francis
    Loading ...
    Support Center