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Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2003 Dec;49(8):1385-9.

3-Morpholinosyndnonimine inhibits 5-hydroxytryptamine-induced phosphorylation of nitric oxide synthase in endothelial cells.

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Department of Pharmacology, Meharry Medical College, 1005 D.B. Todd Blvd., Nashville, TN 37208, USA.


5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a vasoactive substance that is taken up by endothelial cells to activate endothelial nitrite oxide synthase (eNOS). The activation of eNOS results in the production of nitric oxide (NO), which is responsible for vasodilation of blood vessels. NO also interacts with superoxide anion (O2*-) to form peroxynitrite (ONOO-), a potent oxidant that has been shown to induce vascular endothelial dysfunction. We examined the ability of 3-morpholinosyndnonimine (SIN-1), an ONOO- generator, to inhibit 5-HT-induced phosphorylation of eNOS in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs). We observed that 5-HT phosphorylates Ser1179 eNOS in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Maximum phosphorylation occurred at 30 sec using a concentration of 1.0 microM 5-HT. BAECs treated with SIN-1 (1-1000 microM) for 30 min showed no significant increase in eNOS phosphorylation. However, 5-HT-induced eNOS phosphorylation was inhibited in cells treated with various concentrations of SIN-1 for 30 min and stimulated with 5-HT. These data suggest that an increase in ONOO- as a result of an increase in the production of O2*-, may feedback to inhibit 5-HT-induced eNOS phosphorylation at Ser1179 and therefore, contribute to endothelial dysfunction associated with cardiovascular diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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