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J Neurovirol. 2004 Feb;10(1):57-63.

Interferon-gamma-induced inhibition of neuronal vesicular stomatitis virus infection is STAT1 dependent.

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Department of Biology, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA.


In this report, the signaling pathways utilized by interferon (IFN)-gamma in neurons and their respective roles in the inhibition of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) replication were studied. The authors have previously shown that IFN-gamma treatment of NB41A3 neuroblastoma cells results in a 2-log inhibition of VSV production. This inhibition of VSV replication is dependent both in vitro and in vivo on nitric oxide (NO) production by NO synthase (NOS)-1. In NB41A3 neuroblastoma cells, IFN-gamma was found to induce the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) STAT1 phosphorylation, interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-1 expression, and p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphorylation; MAPK, however, was not required for inhibition of viral replication. Using olfactory bulb-enriched primary neuronal cultures, the inhibition of VSV replication was found to be STAT1 dependent, but did not require IRF-1.

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