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Memory. 2003 Nov;11(6):571-80.

Different rates of forgetting following study versus test trials.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA. mwheeler@nimbus.temple.edu

Abstract

Two experiments investigated recall following two study conditions, (1) repeated test: a study trial followed by multiple recall trials, and (2) repeated study: multiple study trials with no tests. At a retention interval of 5 minutes, repeated study produced a higher level of recall than repeated test. When the retention interval was extended, forgetting was much more rapid in the study condition, with the repeated test manipulation leading to higher recall at an interval of 7 days. We conclude that study and test trials have different effects upon memory, with study trials promoting memory acquisition, and test trials enhancing the retrieval process itself, which protects against subsequent forgetting.

PMID:
14982124
DOI:
10.1080/09658210244000414
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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