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Gene. 2004 Mar 3;327(2):171-83.

CD109 represents a novel branch of the alpha2-macroglobulin/complement gene family.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


We report here the genomic organization and phylogenic relationships of CD109, a member of the the alpha2-macroglobulin/complement (AMCOM) gene family. CD109 is a GPI-linked glycoprotein expressed on endothelial cells, platelets, activated T-cells, and a wide variety of tumors. We cloned full-length CD109 cDNA from the mammalian U373 cell line by RT-PCR and performed analysis of its corresponding genomic sequence. The CD109 cDNA spans 128 kb of chromosome 6q with its 33 exons constituting approximately 3.3% of the total CD109 genomic sequence. Sequence analysis revealed that CD109 contains specific motifs in its N-terminus, that are highly conserved in all AMCOM members. CD109 also shares motifs with certain other AMCOM members including: (1) a thioester 'GCGEQ" motif, (2) a furin site of four positively charged amino acids, and (3) a double tyrosine near the C-terminus. Based on a phylogenic analysis of human CD109 with other human homologs as well as orthologs from other mammalian species, C. elegans (ZK337.1) and E. coli homologs, we propose CD109 represents a novel and independent branch of the alpha2-macroglobulin/complement gene family (AMCOM) and may be its oldest member.

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