Send to

Choose Destination
Cell. 2004 Feb 20;116(4):511-26.

A corepressor/coactivator exchange complex required for transcriptional activation by nuclear receptors and other regulated transcription factors.

Author information

Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093, USA.


The mechanisms that control the precisely regulated switch from gene repression to gene activation represent a central question in mammalian development. Here, we report that transcriptional activation mediated by liganded nuclear receptors unexpectedly requires the actions of two highly related F box/WD-40-containing factors, TBL1 and TBLR1, initially identified as components of an N-CoR corepressor complex. TBL1/TBLR1 serve as specific adaptors for the recruitment of the ubiquitin conjugating/19S proteasome complex, with TBLR1 selectively serving to mediate a required exchange of the nuclear receptor corepressors, N-CoR and SMRT, for coactivators upon ligand binding. Tbl1 gene deletion in embryonic stem cells severely impairs PPARgamma-induced adipogenic differentiation, indicating that TBL1 function is also biologically indispensable for specific nuclear receptor-mediated gene activation events. The role of TBLR1 and TBL1 in cofactor exchange appears to also operate for c-Jun and NFkappaB and is therefore likely to be prototypic of similar mechanisms for other signal-dependent transcription factors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center