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Behav Neurosci. 2004 Feb;118(1):184-90.

Opposing effects of D1 and D2 receptor activation on odor discrimination learning.

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Department of Neurobiology and Behavior, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.


Dopaminergic modulation of cortical activity has been implicated in the formation of reward associations. There is abundant evidence for dopaminergic effects on olfactory processing. Using an olfactory discrimination task, the authors show that D1 and D2 dopamine receptors can regulate rats' olfactory discrimination capacities and that the effects of receptor activation functionally oppose one another. Injection of either the D1 agonist SKF 38393 (10 mg/kg) or the D2 antagonist spiperone (0.62 mg/kg) facilitated the discrimination of similar odorants but had no effect on the discrimination of dissimilar odorants, whereas both the D, antagonist SCH 23390 (0.025 mg/kg) and the D2 agonist quinpirole (0.2 mg/kg) significantly impaired rats' ability to discriminate similar and dissimilar odorants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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