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Clin Cancer Res. 2004 Feb 15;10(4):1289-98.

Phase I clinical and pharmacokinetic study of BMS-247550, a novel derivative of epothilone B, in solid tumors.

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Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Department of Molecular Pharmacology, and Albert Einstein Comprehensive Cancer Center, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.



The purpose of this study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose, toxicity, and pharmacokinetics of BMS-247550 administered as a 1-h i.v. infusion every 3 weeks.


Patients with advanced solid malignancies were premedicated and treated with escalating doses of BMS-247550. Blood sampling was performed to characterize the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of BMS-247550.


Twenty-five patients were treated at six dose levels ranging from 7.4 to 59.2 mg/m(2). At 50 mg/m(2), 4 of 9 patients (44.4%) had dose-limiting toxicity (neutropenia, abdominal pain/nausea). At 40 mg/m(2) (the recommended Phase II dose), 2 of 12 patients (16.7%) had dose-limiting neutropenia. Overall, the most common nonhematological toxicity was fatigue/generalized weakness (grade 3-4 seen in 9.0% of patients), followed by neurosensory deficits manifested as peripheral neuropathy and by gastrointestinal discomfort. At 40 mg/m(2), the incidence of grade 3 fatigue, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and neuropathy was 7.7%. Grade 1-2 neuropathy was observed in all patients enrolled and treated at 40 mg/m(2). Two patients with paclitaxel-refractory ovarian cancer, one patient with taxane-naïve breast cancer, and another patient with docetaxel-refractory breast cancer had objective partial responses (lasting 6.0, 5.3, 3.0, and 4.5 months, respectively). The mean pharmacokinetic parameter values during course 1 for clearance, volume of distribution, and apparent terminal elimination half-life at the 40 mg/m(2) (recommended Phase II dose) dose level were 21 liters/h/m(2), 826 liters/m(2), and 35 h (excluding one outlier of 516 h), respectively. Values during course 1 and course 2 were similar.


The recommended dose for Phase II evaluation of BMS-247550 is 40 mg/m(2), although more long-term observations are needed. BMS-247550 has advantages over taxanes in relation to drug resistance and warrants further study.

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