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Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2004 Jul;287(1):G253-63. Epub 2004 Feb 19.

Secretagogue-induced translocation of CRHSP-28 within an early apical endosomal compartment in acinar cells.

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Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin, 1415 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA.


Ca(2+)-regulated heat-stable protein (CRHSP-28) is a member of the TPD52 protein family that has been shown to regulate Ca(2+)-dependent secretory activity in pancreatic acinar cells. Immunofluorescence microscopy of isolated lobules demonstrated that CRHSP-28 is localized to a supranuclear apical compartment in acini and accumulates immediately below the apical membrane within 2 min of CCK octapeptide (CCK-8) stimulation. Dual-immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrated an endosomal localization of CRHSP-28 that strongly overlapped with early endosomal antigen-1 (EEA-1) on vesicular structures throughout the apical cytoplasm but showed only minimal overlap with the transferrin receptor, which is present in basolaterally derived endosomes. Significant overlapping of CRHSP-28 with the trans-Golgi network marker-38 was also noted in supranuclear regions of acini. Interestingly, treatment of lobules with brefeldin A reversibly disrupted the vesicular localization of CRHSP-28 and EEA-1 within the apical cytoplasm. The CCK-8-induced accumulation of CRHSP-28 in subapical regions of acini was not altered by inhibition of apical endocytosis with the actin filament-disrupting agent latrunculin B. Immunoelectron microscopy confirmed that CRHSP-28 is associated with the limiting membrane of irregularly shaped vesicular structures of low electron density in the apical cytoplasm that are positive for EEA-1 staining. Sparse, but significant, CRHSP-28 immunoreactivity was also observed along the limiting membrane of zymogen granules. Consistent with immunofluorescence data, CRHSP-28 was found to accumulate in clusters on endosomes and positioned between zymogen granules below the cell apex on CCK-8 stimulation. These data indicate that CRHSP-28 is present within endocytic and exocytic compartments of acinar cells and is acutely regulated by secretagogue stimulation.

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