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Mod Pathol. 2004 Mar;17(3):316-27.

Unusual subtypes of prostate cancer.

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Department of Pathology, Harper University Hospital and Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.


The vast majority of prostatic tumors developing in adult males are adenocarcinomas. For the most part, variations in histology have not received specific designations and, from a practical approach, have had any specific prognostic implications handled through application of the Gleason grading system. Nonetheless, some of the adenocarcinoma variants have specific clinical features and differential diagnoses. Furthermore, there has been some controversy regarding the appropriate application of the Gleason grading scheme in these tumors. In addition, there are carcinomas that are in fact not adenocarcinomas and that should be kept as distinct entities. In this paper, the histologic variants of adenocarcinoma are reviewed with emphasis on clinicopathologic features and the clinical relevance of these subtypes. Other carcinomas that occur in the prostate gland are also discussed again with a focus on the clinicopathologic characteristics.

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