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Immunity. 2004 Feb;20(2):181-91.

C-terminal SRC kinase controls acute inflammation and granulocyte adhesion.

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University College London, Department of Immunology and Molecular Pathology, The Windeyer Institute of Medical Sciences, 46 Cleveland Street, London W1T 4JF, United Kingdom.


To establish whether the widely expressed regulator of Src family kinases Csk contributes to the control of acute inflammation in vivo, we inactivated csk in granulocytes by conditional mutagenesis (Cre/loxP). Mutant mice (Csk-GEcre) developed acute multifocal inflammation in skin and lung. Animals were protected from the disease in a microbiologically controlled environment, but remained hypersensitive to LPS-induced shock. Csk-deficient granulocytes showed enhanced spontaneous and ligand-induced degranulation with hyperinduction of integrins. This hyperresponsiveness was associated with hyperadhesion and impaired migratory responses in vitro. Hyperphosphorylation of key signaling proteins such as Syk and Paxillin in mutant granulocytes further supported breakdown of the activation threshold set by Csk. By enforcing the need for ligand engagement Csk thus prevents premature granulocyte recruitment while supporting the motility of stimulated cells through negative regulation of cell adhesion.

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