Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Photochem Photobiol. 2004 Jan;79(1):48-54.

Role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and caspases in UV-B-induced apoptosis of murine peritoneal macrophages.

Author information

1
School of Biotechnology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

Abstract

The mechanisms of ultraviolet-B (UV-B)-induced apoptosis and the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) were investigated in murine peritoneal macrophages. Exposure of murine peritoneal macrophages to UV-B irradiation induced rapid apoptosis concurrent with DNA fragmentation and activation of caspase-3 but did not activate caspase-1. UV-B irradiation (100 mJ/cm2) also induced expression of phospho-p38 and -c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) MAPK; however, no significant expression of phospho-p42/44 was observed 120 min after exposure. Pretreatment of macrophages with a p38 MAPK inhibitor, 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5-(4-pyridyl)-1H-imidazole (SB202190), and a caspase-3 inhibitor, N-acetyl-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-CHO, suppressed UV-B irradiation-induced apoptosis as observed by DNA laddering and DNA fragmentation estimation quantitatively. Pretreatment with caspase-1 inhibitor, N-acetyl-Tyr-Val-Ala-Asp-CHO, had no effect. UV-B-induced caspase-3 activation resulted in the cleavage of poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), which was inhibited by the caspase-3 inhibitor. SB202190 pretreatment also prevented activation of caspase-3 and the cleavage of PARP. However, the caspase-3 and -1 inhibitors did not affect UV-B-induced expression of phospho-p38 and -JNK. These results suggest that activation of p38 MAPK upstream of caspases might play an important role in the apoptotic process of macrophages exposed to UV-B irradiation.

PMID:
14974715
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center