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J Bacteriol. 2004 Mar;186(5):1546-55.

The switch I and II regions of MinD are required for binding and activating MinC.

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Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics, and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas 66160, USA.


MinD and MinC cooperate to form an efficient inhibitor of Z-ring formation that is spatially regulated by MinE. MinD activates MinC by recruiting it to the membrane and targeting it to a septal component. To better understand this activation, we have isolated loss-of-function mutations in minD and carried out site-directed mutagenesis. Many of these mutations block MinC-MinD interaction; however, they also prevent MinD self-interaction and membrane binding, suggesting that they affect nucleotide interaction or protein folding. Two mutations in the switch I region (MinD box) and one mutation in the switch II region had little affect on most MinD functions, such as MinD self-interaction, membrane binding, and MinE stimulation; however, they did eliminate MinD-MinC interaction. Two additional mutations in the switch II region did not affect MinC binding. Further study revealed that one of these allowed the MinCD complex to target to the septum but was still deficient in blocking division. These results indicate that the switch I and II regions of MinD are required for interaction with MinC but not MinE and that the switch II region has a role in activating MinC.

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