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Tree Physiol. 1988 Sep;4(3):255-62.

Long-term elevation of atmospheric CO(2) concentration and the carbon exchange rates of saplings of Pinus taeda L. and Liquidambar styraciflua L.

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  • 1Duke University Phytotron, Department of Botany, Duke University, Durham, NC 27706, USA.


The relationship between carbon exchange rate (CER) and internal CO(2) concentration was measured in leaves of saplings of Liquidambar styraciflua L. (sweetgum) and Pinus taeda L. (loblolly pine) grown from seed for more than 14 months at atmospheric CO(2) concentrations of either 350 or 500 microl l(-1). An elevated concentration of CO(2) during growth reduced CER at any given internal CO(2) concentration in sweetgum, but not in loblolly pine. Stomatal limitation of CER showed little response to concentration of CO(2) during measurement, but was higher in both species when grown at 500 than at 350 microl l(-1) CO(2). The net effect of a long-term increase in CO(2) concentration from 350 to 500 microl l(-1) was an increase in CER of loblolly pine, but a slight decrease in CER of sweetgum. It is suggested that the depression of CER in sweetgum resulted from a reduction in the activity of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase.

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