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Virology. 2004 Jan 5;318(1):245-66.

The genome and proteome of coliphage T1.

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Biology Department, Radford University, Radford, VA 24142, USA.


The genome of enterobacterial phage T1 has been sequenced, revealing that its 50.7-kb terminally redundant, circularly permuted sequence contains 48,836 bp of nonredundant nucleotides. Seventy-seven open reading frames (ORFs) were identified, with a high percentage of small genes located at the termini of the genomes displaying no homology to existing phage or prophage proteins. Of the genes showing homologs (47%), we identified those involved in host DNA degradation (three endonucleases) and T1 replication (DNA helicase, primase, and single-stranded DNA-binding proteins) and recombination (RecE and Erf homologs). While the tail genes showed homology to those from temperate coliphage N15, the capsid biosynthetic genes were unique. Phage proteins were resolved by 2D gel electrophoresis, and mass spectrometry was used to identify several of the spots including the major head, portal, and tail proteins, thus verifying the annotation.

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