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Virology. 2004 Jan 5;318(1):214-23.

Immediate early genes expressed in chlorovirus infections.

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Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter, Hiroshima University, Higashihiroshima 739-8530, Japan.


Twenty-three chlorovirus genes expressed in host cells as early as 5-10 min postinfection (p.i.), or immediate early, were isolated and characterized. Some showed significant homology with those for transcriptional factors and mRNA-processing proteins including TFIIB, helicases, mRNA capping enzyme, nucleolin, and bean transcription factor. Others code for (i) factors influencing translation such as aminoacyl tRNA synthetases and ribosomal protein, and (ii) unknown proteins. Enzymes involved in polysaccharide synthesis were also found. All transcripts of these genes had a poly(A) tail, which decreased in size after 20 min p.i., possibly caused by the shortening by an exonuclease. Often, due to readthrough either from an upstream ORF or into a downstream ORF, a few extra transcripts for each gene appeared after 40 min p.i., suggesting a change in promoter selection and termination accuracy at this point. A typical TATA-box and a common element 5'-ATGACAA were in the promoter region of almost all of the immediate early genes, which may be recognized by host RNA polymerase and transcription factors.

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