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Am J Cardiol. 2004 Feb 15;93(4):426-31.

Incidence of thrombus formation on the CardioSEAL and the Amplatzer interatrial closure devices.

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1
University of California, Los Angeles, Center for Health Sciences, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA.

Abstract

Transcatheter closure for atrial septal defect (ASD) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a promising alternative to surgical closure or anticoagulant therapy. A potential complication is thrombus formation on the device after implantation. From February 2001 to June 2003, 66 patients with atrial communication were treated successfully with the Amplatzer device (16 septal and 20 PFO occluders) or the CardioSEAL device (30). Patients were discharged on antiplatelet medication (aspirin and clopidogrel) and/or anticoagulation. Fifty patients (76%) had transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) 1 month after device implantation (28 +/- 10 days). No patient experienced a thromboembolic episode during follow-up. TEE revealed that thrombus formation occurred more frequently on the CardioSEAL device (5 of 23 patients; 22%) than on the Amplatzer device (0 of 27 patients; 0%) (p = 0.02). Although thrombus disappeared or markedly diminished after additional anticoagulation therapy in 3 patients, 1 patient had surgical explantation of the device due to progressive increase in the size of thrombus with hypermobility despite intensive anticoagulation therapy. There was no variable associated with the presence of thrombus formation on the occluder other than the use of the CardioSEAL device. One month after insertion, the CardioSEAL device is more likely to have thrombus present than the Amplatzer device.

PMID:
14969615
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjcard.2003.10.036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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