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Vet Res Commun. 1992;16(2):131-8.

The pharmacokinetics of a slow-release theophylline preparation in horses after intravenous and oral administration.

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Cátedra de Farmacología, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Argentina.


The pharmacokinetics of a slow-release theophylline formulation was investigated following intravenous and oral administration at 10 mg/kg in horses. A tricompartmental model was selected to describe the intravenous plasma profile. The elimination half-life (t1/2 beta) was 16.91 +/- 0.93 h, the apparent volume of distribution (Vd) was 1.35 +/- 0.18 L/kg and the body clearance (ClB) was 0.061 +/- 0.009 L kg-1 h. After oral administration the half-life of absorption was 1.24 +/- 0.30 h, and the calculated bioavailability was above 100%. The t1/2 beta after oral administration was 18.51 +/- 1.75 h, only a little longer than that after intravenous administration. The slow release formulation did not exhibit any advantage in prolonging the t1/2 beta of theophylline in the horse.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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