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J Card Fail. 2004 Feb;10(1):15-20.

Peak oxygen consumption and outcome in heart failure patients chronically treated with beta-blockers.

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1
Denver Veterans Administration Medical Center, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, 4200 E. Ninth Avenue, Denver, CO 80262, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Peak oxygen consumption (VO(2)) is an important criterion for listing patients for cardiac transplantation. Beta-blockers improve survival without affecting peak VO(2). We questioned the value of peak VO(2) in predicting outcome in patients treated with beta-blockers.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We reviewed the records of 127 patients who had peak VO(2) measured at baseline and were subsequently treated with beta-blockers for at least 3 months. We divided the patients into 2 groups with peak oxygen consumption >14 (VO(2) hi) and < or =14 ml.kg.min (VO(2) lo). VO(2) hi had 109 patients and VO(2) lo had 18 patients. The combined end-point of death or cardiac transplantation was compared between groups. Mean peak VO(2) and left ventricular ejection fraction were lower in VO(2) lo versus VO(2) hi: 12.4+/-1.4 ml.kg.min versus 19.1+/-3.9 ml.kg.min and 17+/-8% versus 21+/-9%, respectively. At 30 months, the percentage of patients who did not reach the combined end-point was 94% in VO(2) lo versus 79% in VO(2) hi (P=.47). In multivariate analysis, only changes in heart rate and LVEF from baseline to follow-up were predictive of survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

Current peak VO(2) cutoff does not predict survival without transplantation of patients who tolerate chronic treatment with beta-blockers.

PMID:
14966770
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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