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Transplantation. 2004 Feb 15;77(3):466-9.

West Nile virus encephalitis in organ transplant recipients: another high-risk group for meningoencephalitis and death.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0585, USA.

Abstract

West Nile virus infection has been spreading westward across the continental United States since 1999. Although it often presents as a mild, self-limiting viral illness, it can result in a devastating meningoencephalitis in some patient populations, particularly the elderly. We report in this article on two immunosuppressed transplant patients who developed a severe meningoencephalitis caused by mosquito-borne West Nile virus infection. Suggestions for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of West Nile virus infection in this patient population are described.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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