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J Histochem Cytochem. 2004 Mar;52(3):391-400.

Expression and distribution of somatostatin receptor subtypes in the pancreatic islets of mice and rats.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden. Eva.Ludvigsen@medcellbio.uu.se

Abstract

Somatostatin acts on specific membrane receptors (sst(1-5)) to inhibit exocrine and endocrine functions. The aim was to investigate the distribution of sst(1-5) in pancreatic islet cells in normal mice and rats. Pancreatic samples from five adult C57BL/6 mice and Sprague-Dawley rats were stained with antibodies against sst(1-5) and insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, or pancreatic polypeptide (PP). A quantitative analysis of the co-localization was performed. All ssts were expressed in the pancreatic islets and co-localized on islet cells to various extents. A majority of the beta-cells expressed sst(1-2) and sst(5) in mouse islets, while < or =50% in the rat expressed sst(1-5). The expression of sst(1-5) on alpha-cells did not differ much among species, with sst(2) and sst(5) being highly expressed. About 70% of the delta-cells expressed sst(1-4) in the rat pancreas, whereas 50% of the islet cells expressed sst(1-5) in the mouse. Furthermore, 60% of the PP-cells expressed sst(1-5) in the mouse, while the rat islets had lower values. Co-expression with the four major islet hormones varies among species and sst subtypes. These similarities and differences are interesting and need further evaluation to elucidate their physiological role in islets.

PMID:
14966206
DOI:
10.1177/002215540405200310
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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