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J Histochem Cytochem. 2004 Mar;52(3):391-400.

Expression and distribution of somatostatin receptor subtypes in the pancreatic islets of mice and rats.

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Department of Medical Cell Biology, Uppsala University, Sweden.


Somatostatin acts on specific membrane receptors (sst(1-5)) to inhibit exocrine and endocrine functions. The aim was to investigate the distribution of sst(1-5) in pancreatic islet cells in normal mice and rats. Pancreatic samples from five adult C57BL/6 mice and Sprague-Dawley rats were stained with antibodies against sst(1-5) and insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, or pancreatic polypeptide (PP). A quantitative analysis of the co-localization was performed. All ssts were expressed in the pancreatic islets and co-localized on islet cells to various extents. A majority of the beta-cells expressed sst(1-2) and sst(5) in mouse islets, while < or =50% in the rat expressed sst(1-5). The expression of sst(1-5) on alpha-cells did not differ much among species, with sst(2) and sst(5) being highly expressed. About 70% of the delta-cells expressed sst(1-4) in the rat pancreas, whereas 50% of the islet cells expressed sst(1-5) in the mouse. Furthermore, 60% of the PP-cells expressed sst(1-5) in the mouse, while the rat islets had lower values. Co-expression with the four major islet hormones varies among species and sst subtypes. These similarities and differences are interesting and need further evaluation to elucidate their physiological role in islets.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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