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Ukr Biokhim Zh (1999). 2002 Jul-Aug;74(4):44-9.

[Effect of phospholipids containing omega-3 fatty acids on structural changes of microsomal lipids in cell membranes of functionally different cells].

[Article in Ukrainian]

Author information

  • 1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv. datsenko@biochem.kiev.ua

Abstract

As a result of the experimental researches conducted it has been shown that administration of some normal animal marine phospholipids (PL) including in their structure omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) provides for quantitative changes of individual PL, fatty acids (FA) content and quantity in general and individual PL of liver, heart, brain and gonads microsomes. While estimating general microsomal PL fraction FA content under the action of PL omega-3 PUFA FA concentration change, unsaturation index (omega 6/omega 3) and relation of arachidonic acid to docosahexenic (AA/DHA) decrease have been identified. The decrease of AA/DHA relationship occurs due to AA and DHA quantitative changes. In the case of AA increase in some tissues there is observed the decrease of docosapentaenic acid and increase of DHA and eucosapentaenic (EPA) acidds. As a result of studying FA content in the individual PL composition it has been identified that certain PL classes characteristic for some tissues respond by changes of some certain FA. The relationship omega 6/omega 3 has been shown as decreasing in phosphatidilcholine (PC) all tissues microsomes (liver, gonads, heart, brain), in phosphatidilethanolamine (PEA) of liver and cardiac microsomes, in phosphatidilserine (PS) this relationship relationship decreases in the liver, brain and heart, for phosphatidilinositole (PI) the changes take place in liver, gonads, brain. Simultaneously, the decrease of AA/DHA relationship in the individual PL decrease of AA and increase of EPA and DHA depend on the tested tissues. The marine phospholipids might be supposed to render their effect on AA metabolism resulting in AA/DHA relationship in PEA and PS relationship displays itself as specific and depends on the tissues functions. The preference of PEA and PS use by certain tissues microsomes could be explained by their membrane protective capability.

PMID:
14964860
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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