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Mol Endocrinol. 2004 May;18(5):1082-95. Epub 2004 Feb 12.

Differential role of the loop region between helices H6 and H7 within the orphan nuclear receptors small heterodimer partner and DAX-1.

Author information

1
Hormone Research Center, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The orphan nuclear receptors small heterodimer partner (SHP) and dosage-sensitive sex-reversal adrenal hypoplasia congenital (AHC) critical region on the X chromosome gene 1 (DAX-1) contain extra amino acids between helices H6 and H7 of LBD, and here we investigated a possible role of these additional amino acids. Transient transfection assay demonstrated that, in contrast to wild type, in mutant SHP Delta128-139 deletion of 12 extra amino acids in H6-H7 failed to repress the transactivity of orphan nuclear receptors such as estrogen receptor-related receptor-gamma, hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha, and constitutive androstane receptor. Interestingly, yeast two-hybrid and glutathione-S-transferase pull-down assays demonstrated that wild-type and SHP Delta128-139 have similar abilities to interact with estrogen receptor-related receptor-gamma, hepatocyte nuclear factor 4alpha, and constitutive androstane receptor. Unexpectedly, in wild-type DAX-1 and mutant DAX-1 Delta338-362, deletion of 25 extra amino acids in H6-H7 had no significant difference in the interaction and repression of steroidogenic factor 1 transactivation. Mutant SHP that contains DAX-1 extra amino acids or polyalanine stretch in H6-H7 showed indistinguishable pattern of repression from wild-type SHP. Interestingly, the swapped SHP mutant with DAX-1 extra amino acids interacted with EID-1 (E1A-like inhibitor of differentiation 1), which is characterized as an SHP-interacting corepressor. However, interaction between SHP Delta128-139 and EID-1 was significantly diminished. Moreover, SHP-mediated repression of constitutive androstane receptor transactivation was significantly released by down-regulation of EID-1 expression with EID-1 small interfering RNA. The present study suggests that H6-H7 loop regions of SHP and DAX-1 play a different role in the repression of nuclear receptor transactivation.

PMID:
14963109
DOI:
10.1210/me.2003-0339
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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