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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004 Jun 1;169(11):1191-7. Epub 2004 Feb 12.

Pharmacokinetics of rifapentine at 600, 900, and 1,200 mg during once-weekly tuberculosis therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA. weiner@uthscsa.edu

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of rifapentine at 600, 900, and 1,200 mg were studied during once-weekly continuation phase therapy in 35 patients with tuberculosis. Mean area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC(0-infinity)) increased significantly with dose (rifapentine AUC(0- infinity): 296, 410, and 477 microg.hour/ml at 600, 900, and 1,200 mg, respectively; p = 0.02 by linear regression). In multivariate stepwise regression analyses, AUC(0-infinity) values for rifapentine and the active 25-desacetyl metabolite were associated with drug dose and plasma albumin concentration, and were lower among men and among white individuals. Fifty-four percent of patients had total (free and protein-bound) plasma concentrations of rifapentine and of desacetyl rifapentine detected for more than 36 hours after clearance of concurrently administered isoniazid. Serious adverse effects of therapy in these study patients were infrequent (1 of 35 cases; 3%) and not linked with higher rifapentine AUC(0-infinity) or peak concentration. The present pharmacokinetic study supports further trials to determine the optimal rifapentine dose for treatment of tuberculosis.

PMID:
14962821
DOI:
10.1164/rccm.200311-1612OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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