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Adv Colloid Interface Sci. 2004 Jan 30;107(1):51-60.

The primary electroviscous effect in colloidal suspensions.

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  • 1Department of Applied Physics II, University of Málaga, Málaga, Spain. fjrubio@uma.es

Abstract

Although a well-defined electrokinetic phenomenon, the primary electroviscous effect in dilute colloidal suspensions is still an unsolved problem. Most of the experimental tests of the different theories that we have studied have shown a lack of agreement. We have developed, during the last years, new theoretical approaches obtaining, finally, a much better agreement with the experimental results. The corrections are defined in two lines: first, it is accepted that ions present into the Stern layer, in which the fluid is stagnant, can tangentially move; second, it is accepted that the hydrodynamic interaction between colloidal particles exists although the suspensions are extremely diluted. The remarkable conclusion of our work is that the combination of both corrections should give correct theoretical results.

PMID:
14962407
DOI:
10.1016/j.cis.2003.09.001
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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