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Structure. 2004 Feb;12(2):193-204.

Structural rationale for the broad neutralization of HIV-1 by human monoclonal antibody 447-52D.

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Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


447-52D is a human monoclonal antibody isolated from a heterohybridoma derived from an HIV-1-infected individual. This antibody recognizes the hypervariable gp120 V3 loop, and neutralizes both X4 and R5 primary isolates, making it one of the most effective anti-V3 antibodies characterized to date. The crystal structure of the 447-52D Fab in complex with a 16-mer V3 peptide at 2.5 A resolution reveals that the peptide beta hairpin forms a three-stranded mixed beta sheet with complementarity determining region (CDR) H3, with most of the V3 side chains exposed to solvent. Sequence specificity is conferred through interaction of the type-II turn (residues GPGR) at the apex of the V3 hairpin with the base of CDR H3. This novel mode of peptide-antibody recognition enables the antibody to bind to many different V3 sequences where only the GPxR core epitope is absolutely required.

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