Send to

Choose Destination
J Invest Dermatol. 2004 Jan;122(1):201-8.

Ultraviolet B-induced skin angiogenesis is associated with a switch in the balance of vascular endothelial growth factor and thrombospondin-1 expression.

Author information

Shiseido Life Science Research Center, Yokohama, Japan.


We have previously shown that targeted overexpression of the endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) in the epidermis prevented chronic ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced angiogenesis and cutaneous photodamage in mice, suggesting that angiogenesis plays a critical role in the mediation of UVB effects on the skin. Nevertheless, the molecular regulation of angiogenesis factors and inhibitors by acute UVB irradiation still remains to be elucidated. We performed quantitative analyses of cutaneous vascularity and of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and TSP-1 expression after acute UVB irradiation of mouse skin. Skin vascularity in the upper dermis was greatly increased until day 8 after a single dose of UVB irradiation (200 mJ per cm2) and associated with upregulation of VEGF mRNA expression, with downregulation of TSP-1 mRNA, and with protein expression in the hyperplastic epidermis. After 13 days, skin vascularity was normalized with downregulation of VEGF mRNA expression and upregulation of TSP-1 mRNA expression to the levels observed in non-UVB-irradiated skin. In contrast, the angiogenic UVB response was prolonged in TSP-1-deficient mice. We found a pronounced induction of the TSP-1 receptor CD36 in CD31-positive vessels on day 8 after UVB irradiation, associated with vascular endothelial cell apoptosis. These results demonstrate that acute UVB irradiation leads to a shift toward a proangiogenic environment and they suggest that the balance between VEGF and TSP-1 plays a critical role in the control of angiogenesis and vascular regression induced by acute UVB irradiation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center