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Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 1992 Aug;18(3):683-97.

Diffuse infiltrative lymphocytosis syndrome: a disorder occurring in human immunodeficiency virus-1 infection that may present as a sicca syndrome.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York.

Abstract

Certain adults and children infected with the human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-1 developed a disorder termed diffuse infiltrative lymphocytosis syndrome (DILS) that, although having certain similarities to classic Sjögren's syndrome, manifests distinctive clinical, serologic, immunologic, and immunogenetic characteristics. DILS is characterized by circulating CD8 lymphocytosis and apparently antigen-driven CD8 T-cell infiltration of salivary and lacrimal gland, pulmonary, renal, gastrointestinal, and breast tissues. The disproportionately greater degree of salivary gland enlargement and extraglandular disease, as well as the low frequency of autoantibodies and differing HLA associations, serve to distinguish DILS from classic Sjögren's syndrome.

PMID:
1496168
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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