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Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2001 Jul;3(4):316-21.

Subunit C of the vacuolar-type ATPase from the vanadium-rich ascidian Ascidia sydneiensis samea rescued the pH sensitivity of yeast vma5 mutants.

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Marine Biological Laboratory, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Mukaishima-cho 2445, Hiroshima 722-0073, Japan.


A vanadium-accumulating ascidian, Ascidia sydneiensis samea, expresses vacuolar-type H(+)-ATPases (V-ATPases) on the vacuole membrane of the vanadium-containing blood cells known as vanadocytes. Previously, we showed that the contents of their vacuoles are extremely acidic and that a V-ATPase-specific inhibitor, bafilomycin A(1), neutralized the contents of the vacuoles. To understand the function of V-ATPase in vanadocytes, we isolated complementary DNA encoding subunit C of V-ATPase from vanadocytes because this subunit has been known to be responsible for the assembly of V-ATPases and to regulate the ATPase activity of V-ATPases. The cloned cDNA was 1443 nucleotides in length, and encoded a putative 384 amino acid protein. By expressing the ascidian cDNA for subunit C under the control of a galactose-inducible promoter, the pH-sensitive phenotype of the corresponding vma5 mutant of a budding yeast was rescued. This result showed that the ascidian cDNA for subunit C functioned in yeast cells.


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