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J Med Chem. 1992 Jul 24;35(15):2806-11.

N-methylated analogs of Ac[Nle28,31]CCK(26-33): synthesis, activity, and receptor selectivity.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Hadassah-University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel.


A series of singularly N-methylated analogs of Ac[Nle28,31]CCK(26-33) were synthesized by the solid-phase methodology, and their biological activity was tested in three different in vitro bioassays. The bioassays employed were the guinea pig gallbladder (GPGB), stomach (GPS), and ileum (GPI). All N-methyl analogs were agonists in all three bioassays. N-Methylation at either N- or C-terminals did not affect potency and selectivity, whereas N-methylation of internal residues [Nle28,(N-Me)Nle31]- and [Nle28,31,(N-Me)Trp30]CCK(26-33) in the sequence resulted in analogs which were 10-fold less potent than Ac[Nle28,31]CCK(26-33) in all three preparations. Different rank orders of potencies observed for [Nle28,31,Sar29]- and [Nle28,31,(N-Me)Asp32]CCK(26-33) analogs correspond to increased selectivity to either GPGB or GPS, respectively. We propose that systematic N-methylation of single amide bonds in a bioactive peptide should be conducted as an additional routine to probe structure-activity relationships.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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