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Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1992 Oct;7(5):309-14.

Reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide oxidase involvement in defense against oxygen toxicity of Streptococcus mutans.

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1
Tohoku University School of Dentistry, Sendai, Japan.

Abstract

The growth inhibition of the Streptococcus mutans group, including Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus cricetus, Streptococcus rattus and Streptococcus sobrinus, on glucose by oxygen and the properties of reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) oxidase induced by oxygen, using a representative oxygen-tolerant strain, were examined. The growth response to oxygen varied among strains and correlated with the level of NADH oxidase activity in the cell extract. The induced synthesis of NADH oxidase as well as superoxide dismutase was affected by oxygen tension and energy sources. The induced NADH oxidase involved at least two types, major H2O-forming NADH oxidase and minor H2O2-forming NADH oxidase activity. In the presence of a scavenger of H2O2, pyruvate, the growth inhibition by oxygen in an oxygen-sensitive strain (GS5) was protected but not in another oxygen-sensitive strain (MT8148). The high level of induced H2O-forming NADH oxidase activity protected against oxygen toxicity.

PMID:
1494456
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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