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J Antimicrob Chemother. 1992 Nov;30(5):587-96.

Biochemical basis of mupirocin resistance in strains of Staphylococcus aureus.

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1
SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Betchworth, Surrey, UK.

Abstract

Twenty one strains of Staphylococcus aureus, of varying resistance to mupirocin, were examined in order to determine the mechanism of resistance to this antibiotic; six of these strains were mupirocin sensitive (MIC 0.12-1.0 mg/L) nine moderately resistant strains (MIC 8-256 mg/L) and six highly resistant strains (MIC > 2048 mg/L). Mupirocin showed a time-dependent inhibition of the target enzyme, isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase (IRS); incubation of the antibiotic with this enzyme before adding the substrates markedly increased inhibition in sensitive strains. The IRS I50 values (the antibiotic concentrations which cause a 50% decrease in enzyme activity) correlated well with the MIC values for each strain (P < 0.01). The mean I50 value for sensitive strains was 3.3 x 10(-2) mg/L, in moderately resistant strains it was 1.3 x 10(-1) mg/L and in highly resistant strains it was 7.5 mg/L. No degradation of mupirocin could be detected during extended incubation of the antibiotic with cell free extracts from four resistant S. aureus strains. We conclude that the production of a modified IRS enzyme is the major cause of mupirocin resistance in the strains studied.

PMID:
1493977
DOI:
10.1093/jac/30.5.587
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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