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Br J Clin Pharmacol. 1992 Dec;34(6):494-8.

Co-regulation of phenytoin and tolbutamide metabolism in humans.

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Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Flinders Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia.


1. The disposition of phenytoin and tolbutamide was compared in eighteen healthy young adults separately administered single therapeutic doses (sodium phenytoin 300 mg, tolbutamide 500 mg) of the two drugs. 2. Within the group, ratios of ranges of total and unbound areas under the plasma concentration-time curves were similar for both drugs. 3. There were significant (P < 0.001) correlations between total (r = 0.88) and unbound (r = 0.86) areas under the plasma phenytoin and tolbutamide concentration-time curves. 4. The results are consistent with the involvement of the same cytochrome P-450 isoenzyme(s) in the metabolism of tolbutamide and phenytoin.

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