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J Biochem. 1992 Oct;112(4):503-7.

Human T cell L-plastin bundles actin filaments in a calcium-dependent manner.

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1
Department of Cell Biology, Kyoto University.

Abstract

The amino acid sequences deduced from cDNA analyses revealed that human leucocyte L-plastin phosphorylated in response to interleukin 1, 2 closely resembles a chicken intestinal microvilli protein, fimbrin, that bundles actin filaments [de Arruda et al. (1990) J. Cell Biol. 111, 1069-1079]. In the present work, it was observed that unphosphorylated L-plastin isolated from human T cells bundled F-actin just as fimbrin does. L-Plastin acted on T cell beta-actin, but hardly acted on muscle alpha-actin or chicken gizzard gamma-actin, whereas fimbrin bundled muscle alpha-actin. Unlike fimbrin, L-plastin's actin-bundling action was strictly calcium-dependent: the bundles were formed at pCa 7, but not at pCa 6. Under suitable conditions, approximately one molecule of L-plastin bound to 8 molecules of actin monomer in the actin filament.

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