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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1992 Dec;73(6):2580-7.

Lactate exchange and removal abilities in sickle cell patients and in untrained and trained healthy humans.

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Laboratoire de Pharmacologie Cellulaire et Moléculaire, Faculté de Pharmacie, Illkirch-Graffenstaden, France.


Arterial blood lactate concentrations obtained on seven black males with hemoglobin sickle cell disease (SC) before, during, and after graded bicycle exercise up to exhaustion were compared with those of seven untrained (HU) and seven trained (HT) healthy males of the same ethnic origin. Lactate recovery curves were fitted by a biexponential time function consisting of a rapidly increasing and a slowly decreasing component. Higher work rates were reached by the HU and HT than by the SC group. Blood lactate rose distinctly over the corresponding preexercise resting values after the 25-, 50-, and 100-W exercise steps for the SC, HU, and HT groups, respectively. The arterial oxygen content was significantly lower for the SC than for the HU group at rest and at the end of exercise. The velocity constants of the slowly decreasing component of the lactate recovery curves were similar for the SC, HU, and HT groups despite the fact that they cycled up to different absolute work rates. The velocity constant of the rapidly increasing component was significantly higher for the HT. In terms of the functional meaning given to these constants and in view of their inverse relationship with absolute work rate (Freund et al. J. Appl. Physiol. 61: 932-939, 1986), these results indicate that, relative to the HU, the HT and the SC display improved and impaired abilities, respectively, to exchange and to remove lactate.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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