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Eur J Ophthalmol. 1992 Oct-Dec;2(4):196-9.

Two different genetic markers for high and low myopia.

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1
Department of Legal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Abstract

In myopia patients, Rh and acid phosphatase were typed in two groups: group 1 consisted of 214 patients with low myopia (-6 D or less); group 2 of 124 patients with high myopia (more than -6 D). Statistical analysis of the markers showed a good Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium for both groups. In the Rh system there was a significant difference between group 1 and the control population (p < 0.05), but not between group 2 and control (p > 0.1). In the case of ACP there was a significant difference between group 2 and the control population (p < 0.05), but not between group 1 and control (p > 0.25). We conclude that the observed association between myopia and Rh system (chromosome 1) involves low myopia, while the association between myopia and acid phosphatase (chromosome 2) involves high myopia. Further DNA research will lead to more specific results.

PMID:
1490090
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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