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Neurophysiol Clin. 1992 Dec;22(6):437-46.

EEG monitoring of carotid endarterectomy with routine patch-graft angioplasty: an experience in a large series.

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Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, University of Padua, Italy.


Four hundred and thirty-nine carotid endarterectomies (CEAs) with routine use of patchgraft angioplasty were performed in 375 patients; the indwelling shunt was used only in patients showing clamp-related EEG abnormalities. Five patients showed EEG abnormalities just after head positioning, which reversed after removal of head hyperextension; three cases suffered EEG flattening due to severe bradycardia or cardiac arrest before carotid clamping, which promptly reversed after treatment. Clamp-related EEG abnormalities appeared in 106 operations (24.2%) and all reversed after the insertion of the indwelling shunt; patients with occlusion of the contralateral internal carotid artery showed a 68.8% rate of EEG clamp-related changes. The short term follow-up (one month after the operation) showed six minor strokes with complete recovery (1.37%), one intraoperative stroke (0.23%), three delayed major strokes (0.69%) and three neurological deaths (0.69%). The long-term follow-up over an average of 42 months showed a 3.7% rate of relevant neurological complications (ie permanent deficits + death) and a 3.16% rate significant restenosis or occlusion of the operated carotid artery. Our results show that the routine use of EEG monitoring and patch-graft angioplasty allow to perform CEAs with a very high degree of safety, improving the clinical course of the disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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