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Clin Cancer Res. 2004 Feb 1;10(3):849-59.

Gene expression profiles predict survival and progression of pleural mesothelioma.

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Thoracic Oncology, Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.



Clinical outcomes for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) patients having surgery are imprecisely predicted by histopathology and intraoperative staging. We hypothesized that gene expression profiles could predict time to progression and survival in surgically cytoreduced pleural mesothelioma of all stages.


Gene expression analyses from 21 MPM patients having cytoreductions and identical postoperative adjuvant therapy were performed using the U95 Affymetrix gene chip. Using both dChip and SAM, neural networks constructed a common 27 gene classifier, which was associated with either the high-risk and low-risk group of patients. Data were validated using real-time PCR and immunohistochemical staining. The 27 gene classifier was also used for validation in a separate set of 17 MPM patients from another institution.


The groups predicted by the gene classifier recapitulated the actual time to progression and survival of the test set with 95.2% accuracy using 10-fold cross-validation. Clinical outcomes were independent of histology, and heterogeneity of progression and survival in early stage patients was defined by the classifier. The gene classifier had a 76% accuracy in the separate validation set of MPMs.


These data suggest that pretherapy gene expression analysis of mesothelioma biopsies may predict which patients may benefit from a surgical approach.

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